The South Centre was created by an intergovernmental agreement that came into force on 31 July 1995. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The South Central addresses a wide range of issues of interest to countries in the South and the international community at large, such as development policy, sustainable development, climate change, global governance, economic and social development, South-South cooperation, global economic conditions, intellectual property, technology transfer, access to knowledge, health trade agreements and food security. The South Centre is an intergovernmental organization of developing countries, created by an intergovernmental agreement (treaty) that came into force on 31 July 1995 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It acts as an independent political think tank, while enjoying observer status at the United Nations and other development agencies. The South Centre conducts research and analysis activities based on various international policies that are relevant to the protection and promotion of the development interests of developing countries. The South Centre helps countries in the South to develop common positions and cooperate on important international development issues. As part of its capacity and mandate, the South Centre also responds to requests for political advice and technical and other assistance from southern entities, such as the Group of 77 and China and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). The Council of Representatives is made up of high-level representatives from the Centre`s Member States. It meets annually and, if necessary, on an intersessive basis, to review the work of the Centre and provide policy and operational guidance. All States that sign and ratify or adhere to the agreement are required to appoint a high-level person as a representative on the Council. This person should have been recognized for his commitment and contribution to the development of the South, as well as for the promotion of South-South cooperation.
The Council appoints a nine-member board and elects the President of the Centre. Among its members, the Council elects a conventer and a vice-president. The South Centre is the intergovernmental organization of developing countries that helps developing countries pool their efforts and skills to advance their common interests on the international stage. Their mission is guided by two principles: the unity of the South in diversity and the progress of the South through cooperation. The secretariat, under the direction of an executive director. The secretariat is responsible for implementing the objectives of the South Centre. The South Centre conducts research and analysis activities based on various international policies that are relevant to the protection and promotion of the development interests of developing countries. China officially joined the South Central in 1995. Two sides have long-term cooperative relationships in this area, such as international trade and investment, human rights, health and climate change.
Chen Xu, Ambassador of the Permanent Representation of the People`s Republic of China to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland, is China`s representative to the Council of Representatives. Wu Hailong, president of the China Public Diplomacy Association, has been a member of the Board of Directors since May 2016. In November 2015, China held the 35th meeting of the South Center`s Board of Directors in Beijing.