This agreement enters into force on August 29, 2020. To verify the ratification status of the contracting parties and the acceptance of the approval of the agreement, please refer to the treaty and agreement database. In Achmea, the Court held that the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union must be interpreted in the sense that it opposes the exploitation of an investor-state dispute settlement provision (ISDS) in a bilateral investment contract (ILO) between Member States such as Article 8 of the ILO between Slovakia and the Netherlands, which was under consideration in this case. The Court did not provide any indication as to the consequences of this finding. As a result of Achmea, on 15 January 2019 and 16 January 2019, all EU Member States, including the United Kingdom, signed declarations (Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, Slovenia, Sweden and Hungary) pledging to terminate all ILOs they have entered into each other through a multi-lateral contract or, if they are to build each other more appropriately. The agreement is an important step in the implementation of these declarations. As a result, there may be cases where investors from third countries are better able to protect their investments in the EU than in the EU. These internal EU investors and their lawyers could find creative solutions to compensate for the rapid absence of internal ILO in the EU; Many will think about how to structure investment through companies in third countries – perhaps also in the UK – with the bit protection that these investments can entail. In January 2019, most Member States made political statements on the consequences of the ECJ`s Achmea decision. , which announces its commitment to terminate all eu internal CTS through a multi-lateral contract by December 2019, unless bilateral termination has been more appropriate. An agreement on a multi-lateral treaty was reached on 24 October 2019 under the authority of the European Commission. The whistleblowing agreement signed yesterday concerns the internal EU bit, but does not concern internal EU procedures based on Article 26 of the ECT, which will be dealt with at a later date, with Member States having differing views on whether the legal consequences of Achmea extend to the intra-EU effect of the multilateral EST.